As we continue to celebrate the glorious resurrection of our Lord, God, and Savior Jesus Christ, we remember today how Thomas was transformed from a skeptic into a believer, and ultimately into a martyr who gave the ultimate witness for His Savior’s great victory over death. Since Thomas was not present when the risen Christ first appeared to the disciples, he doubted their testimony. That is why we know him as “doubting Thomas,” but we should also remember how the apostles had doubted the testimony of the women who first heard the news of the resurrection from the angel. No one had anticipated the Lord’s rising, and the news of someone’s resurrection from the dead after public crucifixion and burial for three days was simply outrageous.
People of that time and place were more familiar with death than most of us are today. In comparison with our society, their infant mortality rates were much higher, their lifespans were usually much shorter, and they themselves prepared the bodies of their loved ones for burial. They knew all about death. As well, they knew that Roman soldiers were seasoned professional experts in administering a long, painful execution. Joseph of Arimathea removed the Lord’s dead body from the cross and, with the help of Nicodemus, buried Him. The women went to the tomb very early on Sunday morning in order to anoint the Savior’s dead body. None of them had any illusions about what death meant. There could have been nothing more shocking to them in the world than the unexpected and unbelievably good news that “Christ is risen!” And quite understandably, Thomas did not believe in the resurrection until the Lord appeared to Him, still bearing His wounds, and invited Him to touch His Body. Then Thomas confessed the risen Christ as “My Lord and my God!”
We should not be surprised that many people today continue to doubt the truth of Christ’s resurrection. Such a unique and astonishing event is a great challenge to accept, for it is contrary to what we know about death in this world. But perhaps it is precisely the difficulty of believing in the resurrection that invites us to deep, personal faith in our Savior’s great victory over the grave. We do not need much faith in order to agree that water freezes at a certain temperature, as a little experimentation with a thermometer will remove all doubt. We do not need much faith in order to believe that it is better to lead a morally decent life than one characterized by dishonesty and murder. In one way or another, virtually all cultures and religions teach that. But if we are going to believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God Who rose victorious over death and made even the grave an entryway to the eternal life of the Heavenly Kingdom, then we need the kind of faith that takes root to the very depths of our souls.
That kind of faith is not like the rational certainty that we have about the temperature at which water freezes. Instead, it is the kind of faith that requires trust in giving our lives to that which is not obvious; it requires profound commitment and sacrifice. For example, the love of spouses for one another and for their children is not a rational theory based on objective experimentation or historical research. It is known only through experience; it becomes real through a thousand acts of putting one another and the children before themselves. It changes them. It requires a kind of martyrdom, of dying to self for the sake of others. There is a depth of love in marriage and family that it is simply impossible to know and experience without such sacrifice.
The same is true of our knowledge of the Lord’s resurrection. To say the least, it would be very hard to give an account of the origins of Christianity without Him actually rising in glory. A few questions make this point clear. For example, why would His followers have made up such an unbelievable story about a dead man, and then gone to their deaths out of faithfulness to a lie about a failed Messiah? Why would they have concocted a story in which women, who were not viewed as reliable witnesses in that culture, provided the foundational testimony to such an astounding miracle? Had they made up the resurrection, why would they have included in the gospels so much material that describes how they totally misunderstood Christ’s prediction of His own death and resurrection and then abandoned Him at the crucifixion? Apart from the truth of His resurrection, the rise of the Christian faith makes no sense.
Nonetheless, many skeptics will, like Thomas, still be doubtful that something so contrary to our experience of the world actually happened. Here we must remember that Thomas came to faith not due to rational arguments or historical research, but because of seeing the risen Lord before His own eyes. Since we live after the Ascension, we do not see Him in that way today. But the root meaning of the word martyr is “witness,” and from the very origins of the faith countless people have given the ultimate witness to the Savior’s victory over death by going to their deaths out of faithfulness to Him. All the apostles, with the exception of John, did so. “The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the Church.” Their powerful example has, and still does, bear witness to the truth of Christ’s resurrection. In them, we see the Savior’s victory over death with our own eyes.
Today we also commemorate the Great Martyr George the Trophy-Bearer, a respected soldier who boldly denounced the Roman emperor Diocletian for persecuting Christians. For refusing to worship pagan gods, St. George endured horrible tortures and laid down His life for Christ. From the apostolic age to today, countless Christians have done what St. George did in showing steadfast personal commitment to the Lord literally to the point of death. They do so because they know the truth of Christ’s resurrection, not as an abstract idea or merely something that they accepted as having happened long ago, but as the real spiritual experience of participating in eternal life. They see the Body of Christ, the Church, bearing witness to a life that shines brilliantly in holiness in contrast to the darkness of the world. Even when they died as a result, the early Christians cared for the sick with contagious diseases. They rescued abandoned children, gave generously to the poor, and pursued chastity in the relationship between man and woman. They refused to worship other gods, even when that led to certain torture and death. They loved and forgave their enemies, even as the persecuted Christians of the Middle East do to this very day in Syria, Iraq, Egypt, and many other countries.
We may not be physical martyrs in the sense that they are, but we still must bear witness to the resurrection of Christ. We do that by providing evidence of His victory over death in how we live our lives. Thomas came to faith when He saw the glorified Body of the Risen Lord. We must live as those who have passed over in Him from slavery to sin and death to the glorious freedom of eternal life. Our lives must shine brightly with the holy joy of the resurrection if anyone is to believe that “Christ is risen!”
Indeed, we ourselves will not truly believe that glorious news unless we personally rise with Him from death to life, from sin to holiness. True faith in the risen Lord is not a mere idea, but requires deep personal commitment and self-sacrifice. His astounding victory is neither a rational concept nor just another truth of the natural world known by experimentation. To know His resurrection is to know Him, and that requires dying to self out of love from the depths of our souls. It requires a form of martyrdom, an offering of our flesh and blood to the One Who makes us mystical participants in His Flesh and Blood in the Holy Mystery of the Eucharist. Even as we receive Him as our Lord and our God, let us bear witness to His glorious resurrection in how we live each day. That is the only way to follow Thomas in moving from doubt to true faith. It is the only way to say with integrity “Christ is risen!”